All titles of the Jurassic Park’s franchise up to this point are filled with dinosaurs of all sizes and shapes and 2001’s Jurassic park 3 did not break this tradition. The film featured creatures of sea, land and sky. In Jurassic park 3, we encounter over 15 different species of dinosaurs.
Here is a quick look at some of the incredible creatures in the film;
Tyrannosaurs are some the most common dinosaurs in the film. A young Tyrannosaurs male appears in the film eating and then fights to death with a Spinosaurus. Just as was shown in the movie, males are jade-green with dark-green stripes on their noses, backs, legs and tails. Tyrannosaurus have very short arms with just 2 fingers. Though these dinosaurs were nearly useless in hunting their jaws weren’t. Tyrannosaurus have enormous skulls armed with very huge and thick teeth that were capable of crushing bones. Their skulls and neck bone show that they had larger neck muscles than those of other meat-eating dinosaurs.
The Velociraptor is amongst the most common dinosaurs that appeared on the film. They were depicted as the most vicious and intelligent dinosaurs in the film. The film portrays Velociraptors with a significantly larger size than their actual size (6-7′ long, 2’ tall). As the film begins, Alan Grant makes a discovery of a velociraptor fossil whose size he estimated at around 9′ long and 6’ tall. A Velociraptor runs 60-70 miles per hour when at full sprint hence they outran many dinosaurs. They had primitive levels of vocalization which helped them to call for help and direct attacks. One amazing fact is that they were able to set traps to catch prey.
In the film Jurassic Park 3, a big herd of Triceratops appears grazing in the park. Triceratops are the most famous of the dinosaurs discovered. They were very common dinosaurs that lived in the Cretaceous period. They had big frilled heads with 4-feet long horns over the eyes. Triceratops also had smaller third horns on the nose that were fearsome weapons against predators. Triceratops were herd animals that are believed to have roamed in North America. Their large beaks and very long rows of teeth were well adapted to chewing tough, low-growing plants. To this date, about 50 skulls of the Triceratops have been found.
A herd of Stegosaurus sees Sarah taking pictures of a young Stegosaurus and believe that she is harming it so they charge towards her. These dinosaurs also were victims of the dinosaur-hunters though they were released eventually. The name Stegasaurus’ appears in the Cold-Storage Room on a scene in the film. Stegosaurus were herd animals. Their most stunning feature was the crests on their head used for communication and display. They allowed them to remain in contact even over long distances.
The Brachiosaurus also appeared for a brief period in the film. They made an appearance while grazing along with Triceratops. Brachiosaurus were amongst the most spectacular dinosaurs to be ever seen. Their name comes from their very high humerus. The humerus is believed to be longer than the height of the average human being. It was over 9 meters tall.
Another dinosaur feature in this film is the Compsognathus. Their main appearance was when Doctor Allan Grant and the others go to the bird’s cage only to be attacked by the Compsognathus. They also appear flying from the island and fading into the clouds. The Compsognathus was a chicken-sized dinosaur from the Late Jurassic Period. It was discovered first in Germany before the second and last specimen was found France. Compys typically hunt small insects and lizards though they scavenge larger animal carcasses when they become available.
The hugely known Stegosaurus also made an appearance in the film.A unique and peculiar feature of these dinosaurs are the plates found along its back, their small heads and spiked tails. These long spikes made a powerful weapon against their predators. These plant-eaters ate the low-growing plants of the late Jurassic. The Stegosaurus is often recognized as the dumbest dinosaur due to its incredibly small brain.
The Spinosaurus is portrayed as the main antagonist in the film. It is also depicted to be 15 meters long, 4.9 meters at its hips and to weigh about 12,000 kg which is a smaller than its real-life counterpart at 18 meters long, 6 meters high and weighing around 20 tons. Spinosaurus were theropod dinosaurs that lived in what is now North Africa about 112 -97 million years ago.
The Ankylosaurus are also in the film. Ankylosaurus have been compared to tanks with their thick, bony-armored bodies. They also had heavy clubs on the edge of their tails which they could swing around and smash into attacking dinosaurs as a defensive feature. They were almost impervious receiving bites from above. Their long and strong tail muscles would swing the clubs with great force to defend them from predator attacks.
Another dinosaur appearance in the film is the Corythosaurus which we see in Rolland Temboh’s field-guide packet. These also appear as they herd along with the Parasaurolophus running through the pastures. The Corythosaurus lived late in the Cretaceous period. Their unique feature was the hundreds of tiny inter-locking teeth at the back of their jaws which allowed them to grind and crush plant matter. The bony crests on top of their head housed their nasal passages and were also used as sounding devices.
As Allan and the other membersof the team dig for Kirrby’s phone from the Spinosaurus’ dung, a Ceratosarus is seen passing by, and does not like the odour of the Spinosaurus’ dung. Ceratosaurus were medium sized carnivores that existed at the same time period as the huger Allosaurus later in the Jurassic period. What made them distinctive and different was the large horns on top of their noses and the two horns over their eyes.
The Baryonyx is also mentioned by Bily as he tries identifying the predator which attacked them. They also appeared in the map of Isla-Nublar. Baryonyx is a member of the same group of the North African dinosaurs. Baryonyx were smaller than their relatives at about 10 meters long and 2.5 meter high at the hips. They had long, narrow snouts filled with coned teeth.
Pteranodon are massive flying reptiles. They did not have feathers, but instead had basal types of integuments called pycnofibers. Pycnofibers were very hair-like and made of keratin. The Pteranodon had no teeth unlike the depiction in the movie where they have teeth. They probably used the long crests on the backs of their heads to aid in steering them while flying. Their main diet was fish and scavenged remains of marine animals. A few Pteranodon skeletons have been discovered in Kansas, Central U.S.A.